The first step in any software development project is choosing the right technology stack. Different projects have different requirements, including third-party integrations. Projects might be web, mobile, cross-platform, or desktop-based, and each comes with a different technology stack selection and choices you’ll need to navigate. 

What Is a Tech Stack?

Before we show you how to choose a tech stack, we should explain what it is. A tech stack is the set of technologies used to build a software project. When we talk about choosing a tech stack, we’re talking about choosing a combination of programming languages, libraries, frameworks, tools, and software that your developers will use to complete their work.

How To Choose A Technology Stack

You can choose from a range of front- and back-end technologies. Most people use JavaScript or Scala for front-end development, but you can also use Angular, React, Vue, or more. You might use Java, .Net, PHP, Ruby on Rails, Python, C++, and more for the back-end. Different projects will require different development stacks, e.g., a mobile app has completely different requirements to a web-based app. Some industries also need their tech stack to include specific security measures to keep their customers’ information safe and secure when the app rolls out to the broader market. Others just want to get their project to the market as quickly as possible. Some projects, e.g., social networks or entertainment sites, will also be highly complex. 

When you select a technology stack, you have to consider the following: 

1. What Problem You Are Trying to Solve

Some things are better solved with one language than another. Java is suitable for large-scale projects with complex business logic. Apps with good UX and performance should keep users’ needs in mind. If you want to enter the market quickly, you can use a framework like Flutter. 

2. The Scope and Size of the Project

Small-scale projects are faster to deliver and don’t require the same bells and whistles as a large project. You could focus on building a minimum viable product or MVP, present it to customers, get feedback and then make improvements accordingly. You can get away with simple tools and open-source platforms to build your MVP. To create a mid- or large-scale project, you should combine programming languages and frameworks for optimum results. You’ll need a solid understanding of the various software solutions and languages on the market to navigate these projects. 

3. Speed and Scale

A minimum viable product is an excellent option if you need to launch your project as quickly as possible. You could begin with ready-made solutions to go to market as soon as possible, e.g., using the Ruby on Rails framework and its basic libraries. You can start adding functionality to your app via third-party integrations, so you don’t have to write code from scratch and hire more developers. These well-documented technologies can also speed up the rate you can develop and launch new features. Speed is not only a factor to consider. You have to think about where you want to go. If you think you’ll be growing your project rapidly, you need a tech stack that can scale sufficiently to meet the needs of your business. You can scale vertically by adding new features or horizontally by adding more processing power to your server. 

4. Consider Security Needs

Your app should keep the best security practices and run regular security tests. Not all technologies are secure or even compliant with cybersecurity best practices. Make sure you choose a safe tech stack, especially if you’ll be collecting valuable customer information like email addresses or credit card information. 


No one-size-fits-all technology stack can be used for any web or mobile project. You must evaluate your needs carefully because even tried-and-true combinations may not work for your unique project. Spend some time examining your options and the pros and cons of each. If you need help choosing the right technology stack, consider working with an outsourcing agency that can provide advice and talented developers to assist you with your project.